Beyond Binary Wikia
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Note: Everything expressed in this wiki is simply my opinion. In the case of mental health issues my opinion is far from "expert" but my belief is that the experts of mental health are too influenced by out-dated and government-sanctioned theories of psychology to actually address the common factor linking all mental illnesses: late-stage capitalist society. My opinions are biased away from established medical descriptions of all these so-called "disorders" and directed at finding spiritual healing for the common pains we all experience of being born into this confusing, pain-filled world.

Psychopathy is considered to be a mental illness on the anti-social spectrum, along with sociopathy. The differences between the two are subtle and vary from source to source. Some key differences claim that psychopathy develops in early childhood and is often claimed to be irreversible.

I say this is all academic and ignores any spiritual understanding of what psychopathy truly is and the fact that it is a symptom of an anti-social society. Men of the last few generations have been actively encouraged to take on the traits of a psychopath, as beautifully illustrated in "American Psycho", where a highly successful Wall Street broker lives a double life murdering the homeless.

The kind of narcissistic, unemotional way of living life that has been lauded as "manly" for decades, where success and image are more important than anything else has had the side-effect that we have created serial killers, paedophiles and criminals in rates higher than ever seen in past societies.

This video by Olivier de Sagan captures the state of the psychopath very well in my opinion.

Introduction

(TW: implications of psychopaths being overtly anti-social by definition, linking of anti-social personalities with violence, implications that psychopathic people are implicitly unpleasant to be around)

https://www.thecut.com/2018/08/my-life-as-a-psychopath.html

"The word “psychopath,” like many words associated with mental and personality disorders, is used broadly, and often incorrectly — colloquially, we might call someone who lies a lot a psychopath, just as we might call someone who texts us more frequently than we want “crazy.” The word “psychopath” is also routinely used to describe serial killers, though not all serial/mass murderers have psychopathic personalities. And while “sociopath” is sometimes (mistakenly) used interchangeably with psychopath, only the latter is rigorously defined and clinically accepted, says Craig Neumann, a professor of Clinical Psychology at the University of North Texas whose singular research focus has been the psychopathic personality and its traits.
According to Neumann, the true definition of “psychopath” is actually pretty narrow: “Broadly speaking, psychopathy refers to a pathological personality style that is interpersonally deceptive, affectively cold, behaviorally reckless, and often overtly antisocial,” he writes. To qualify, he says, a person must possess traits pertaining to each of four “domains”: Interpersonal, Affective, Lifestyle, and Antisocial."
"Importantly, Neumann notes, psychopathy is a scale. “It’s not that you’re either a psychopath or not,” he says. “In the same way someone can have severe depression but it’s also possible for someone to have mild or moderate depression.” Neumann uses the example of professional poker players: they might be deceitful, and narcissistic, but they’re (probably) not psychopaths. Similarly, he takes issue with neuroscientist James Fallon’s calling himself a psychopath because his brain imaging profile matched that of psychopathic individuals."

https://www.businessinsider.com.au/what-is-it-like-to-be-married-to-a-psychopath-2016-1

"In interviews, Fallon reveals that he does bear some of the behavioural traits of a psychopath, such as a lack of emotional sensitivity toward others. In his interview with BBC, Fallon admits that he’d probably blow off the funeral of a family member so he could go to a party or do something more fun instead.
But Fallon certainly isn’t a criminal — a fact he credits to the positive environment in which he grew up. Research has found that for some people who possess a gene linked to psychopathy, being abused or mistreated as a child can influence whether they develop antisocial behaviour."

|Caspi2002:/Science/Role of genotype in the cycle of violence in maltreated children.>

"We studied a large sample of male children from birth to adulthood to determine why some children who are maltreated grow up to develop antisocial behavior, whereas others do not. A functional polymorphism in the gene encoding the neurotransmitter-metabolizing enzyme monoamine oxidase A (MAOA) was found to moderate the effect of maltreatment. Maltreated children with a genotype conferring high levels of MAOA expression were less likely to develop antisocial problems. These findings may partly explain why not all victims of maltreatment grow up to victimize others, and they provide epidemiological evidence that genotypes can moderate children's sensitivity to environmental insults."

Articles

"The second hallmark of a psychopathic brain is an overactive reward system especially primed for drugs, sex, or anything else that delivers a ping of excitement. In one study, children played a computer gambling game programmed to allow them to win early on and then slowly begin to lose. Most people will cut their losses at some point, Kent Kiehl notes, “whereas the psychopathic, callous unemotional kids keep going until they lose everything.” Their brakes don’t work, he says." - When your child is a psychopath (Guardian)

Study shows psychopathic brains are wired in a way that can lead to dangerous and violent actions

"[...]psychopath's brains are wired in a way that leads them to over-value immediate rewards and neglect the future consequences of potentially dangerous or immoral actions.[...]


"For years, we have been focused on the idea that psychopaths are people who cannot generate emotion and that's why they do all these terrible things," Buckholtz said. "But what what we care about with psychopaths is not the feelings they have or don't have, it's the choices they make. Psychopaths commit an astonishing amount of crime, and this crime is both devastating to victims and astronomically costly to society as a whole.

"And even though psychopaths are often portrayed as cold-blooded, almost alien predators, we have been showing that their emotional deficits may not actually be the primary driver of these bad choices. Because it's the choices of psychopaths that cause so much trouble, we've been trying to understand what goes on in their brains when the make decisions that involve trade-offs between the costs and benefits of action.," he continued. "In this most recent paper...we are able to look at brain-based measures of reward and value and the communication between different brain regions that are involved in decision making.""[1]

"The effect was so pronounced, Buckholtz said, that researchers were able to use the degree of connection between the striatum and the prefrontal cortex to accurately predict how many times inmates had been convicted of crimes.

Ultimately, Buckholtz said, his goal is to erase the popular image of psychopaths as incomprehensible, cold-blooded monsters and see them for what they are - everyday humans whose brains are simply wired differently.

"They're not aliens, they're people who make bad decisions," he said. "The same kind of short-sighted, impulsive decision-making that we see in psychopathic individuals has also been noted in compulsive over-eaters and substance abusers. If we can put this back into the domain of rigorous scientific analysis, we can see psychopaths aren't inhuman, they're exactly what you would expect from humans who have this particular kind of brain wiring dysfunction.""[1]

http://www.wbur.org/commonhealth/2017/07/07/psychopaths-brain-scans-neuron "We found that a region of the brain called the nucleus accumbens — which is really important for representing the value of different actions when we're faced with a decision-making problem — that the activity in that region is much higher in psychopathic individuals when they're asked to make these choices. That suggests that they might have some kind of present-focused bias, that the part of their brain that's responsible for saying "pick this one, not this one," is dysregulated in some way."

"It's also worth highlighting that the way that this circuit appears to be dysfunctional in these individuals is very similar to the way that the circuit is dysfunctional in substance abusers, and compulsive overeaters, and people with gambling addiction. To me, what this says is that psychopaths are not alien, they're not unknowable. They behave in ways that one could predict, given the kinds of breakdowns in the way that their brain is wired." 14 warning signs that you might be dating someone with psychopathy

Stigma

Of all developmental disabilities or mental illnesses, psychopathy is the most stigmatised and given the least empathy (which is ironically justified as being due to psychopaths having no empathy).

(more soon)

This article (https://donotlink.it/QkQq) by a famous criminologist hammers this point in, where she publicly shames her own family member who she greatly dislikes, by armchair diagnosing her as a psychopath. Here are some of her quotes to back up her vitriolic claim:

"I should be upfront and say we don’t speak. Ever. From my perspective (which, I accept, is totally subjective) this is because she represents everything within the human condition I find abhorrent. [...]

Female psychopaths are also more likely to engage in self-harm than men with the same condition, and be jealous and verbally abusive. [...]

[The family member] doesn’t work and has never had a job, she has few, if any friends, and as a result is totally socially isolated. It appears she has no plans for the future, instead expecting to live of [sic] her parents forever. [...]

Given that we believe psychopaths are born and not made – i.e. their brains are wired differently – it does concern me that there is an underlying genetic component to [her] behaviour. I share [her] genes, and because I overthink everything, I have considered whether I might be a psychopath. But, as I already know that psychopaths don’t worry about being psychopaths, as they simply wouldn’t care if they were, I have put my mind at ease."

I can't even... there are so many signs here that could indicate borderline PD or even atypical Autism, but because the author finds this family member's lack of empathy 'abhorrent' along with her inability to live independently of her parents, the author decides to label her as a psychopath and then publish an entire article about her 'hunch', at the end suggesting ways for other people to armchair diagnose their own family members as psychopaths. This. Is. Toxic. Ableism.

Journal

April 2016:

Transfiguration_-_Olivier_de_Sagazan

Transfiguration - Olivier de Sagazan

I first saw this piece performed in the film Samsara, where the over-arching 'story' of the modern late-capitalist world sets the scene for this perfectly

References

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